In the early 1990s, Belarus gained its independence after
the collapse of the USSR and began the process of economic and social
transition. Families and children, though, continue to bear the costs of the
lengthy realignment. The country also has experienced tremendous environmental,
health, social, political, economic and human consequences because of the 1986
Chernobyl nuclear disaster. The number of children with disabilities has
tripled since 1990, and the number of orphaned children has doubled since 1995.
The financial crisis of 2011 led to a huge decrease in income for Belarusian
families, resulting in increased depression and alcoholism consumption across
More and more children are at risk from family breakdown,
divorce, parental substance abuse and violence, and there are growing numbers
of abused and neglected children and social orphans (children who have been
legally withdrawn from their parents with deprivation of parental rights).
ChildFund has served children in Belarus since 1993.
One of ChildFund Belarus’ programs, Supporting Orphans and
Vulnerable Children, helps return orphaned children who live in institutions to
a sense of normalcy by providing opportunities for them to experience visits of
varying length with “guest” or foster families. Both the families and children
benefit by learning about each other, and these connections often lead to
permanent foster care. By 2009, orphan institutionalization had dropped to 6
percent in communities ChildFund serves, compared to the national average of 25
Children With Disabilities
The huge numbers of children with disabilities overwhelmed a
system ill-equipped to deal with them, and Belarusian children in rural areas
have even less, if any, access to services for people with disabilities. With
support from USAID’s Displaced Children and Orphans Fund, ChildFund works with
local organizations to create conditions for equal participation of people with
disabilities in all areas of life. Services include improved access to
education, social support and rehabilitation, vocational training, employment
opportunities, integration and respite care. By 2012, more than 4,000 children
with disabilities and their family members had benefited.
ChildFund also supported advocacy efforts to promote the
rights of people with disabilities, which led to changes in national and local
legislation to expand services, accessibility, health care, education,
vocational training, equal employment opportunities and support for independent
living. In fact, Belarus has identified inclusive education as its national
priority for 2012-2016.