India’s rapid economic growth in the past 30 years has helped bring opportunities for many, but it has also brought economic inequality on a large scale. As a result, millions of children must work hazardous, poorly paid jobs to make a living. Some industries in particular prefer child workers for their small size, like the mining industry. Their small size allows them to fit in very small spaces underground, which poses a dangerous threat to health in the short and long term.
Progress has been made toward reducing child labor in India, with child labor laws expanding in 2006 and 2008. In 2009, a law was passed mandating free and compulsory education for all children aged 6-14. However, while child labor has been an illegal practice, it is still rampant. Vulnerable children are not threatened just by child labor; child trafficking and child marriage are also major issues in India.