Struggles Facing the Kenyan Health Care System
With a population of more than 43 million people, Kenya
is one of the most populous sovereign nations in East Africa. Boasting some of
the most impressive scenery in the world, including vast savannah, rugged
mountain ranges and stunning national parks, Kenya is a popular destination for
tourists. Despite its breathtaking natural beauty, Kenya faces a number of
serious problems, including widespread poverty and income inequality. One of the
most significant challenges facing the country is to make health care available
to all of its citizens. With approximately half its population living in
poverty, Kenya struggles to provide access to basic health care services and
medical treatment to its citizens, especially those living in rural communities
and the densely populated slums.
According to UNICEF,
Kenya was considered to be one of Africa's success stories in terms of economic
development and access to basic services such as health care and education.
However, the violence that erupted amid allegations of political corruption in
the country's presidential elections in 2007 resulted in
numerous setbacks to government programs, including reform of the country's
ailing health care system.
Data from the World Bank
indicate that Kenya's national gross domestic product (GDP) was an estimated
$33.6 billion in 2011. In comparison to some other developing countries, this
could be considered quite healthy. However, according to the World Health
4.6 percent of the nation's GDP was invested in its health care system. With
more than 43 million children under the age of 15 living in Kenya, this lack of
investment has serious implications for the country's urgent health care
significant gains in promoting awareness of health and wellness in Kenya,
preventable diseases remain a serious issue. Malaria is one of the country's
biggest problems, with thousands of children dying every year from this
treatable disease. Although rates of HIV and AIDS infection have slowed in
recent years, millions of families are impacted by these serious conditions.
Poor sanitation in urban areas and a lack of affordable medications in rural
communities further contribute to the spread of disease, and many children do
not have access to even basic medical treatment.
ChildFund has operated
in Kenya since 1960 and has worked with government agencies, other child
development groups and nongovernmental organizations to improve the health care
system in Kenya. In 2011, the Kenyan government entered into an alliance with
the Peace Corps, USAID, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to identify a workable strategy, and
the Global Health Initiative's (GHI) Kenya
Strategy 2011-2014 has identified several key goals for improving health
care in Kenya.
One of the primary goals
of the Kenya Strategy is to provide greater access to health care and wellness
services for women and girls, who are at risk of developing health conditions
related to inadequate prenatal care, and maternal, neonatal and child mortality.
In addition, the introduction of heightened control strategies to contain the
spread of neglected tropical diseases, such as malaria,
is another goal of the GHI's three-year plan.
Although the Kenyan
government receives funding from international aid organizations, there are many
ways you can help ChildFund improve the lives of Kenyan children. Sponsoring
a child in Kenya is an excellent way to invest in the life and well-being of
a child, as sponsorship enables us to provide vulnerable children with access to
health care, educational services and community support. Alternatively, choosing
a gift from our Gifts
of Love & Hope catalog allows you to select a specific way to