Electronic waste is a serious problem in
India, and many children are forced to work in the country's informal recycling
industry to support their families.
Millions of people in developed nations around the
world clamor to get their hands on the latest consumer electronics, and in an
increasingly competitive market, major electronics manufacturers are constantly
lowering prices to gain a vital edge over their rivals. Although smart
phones and tablet computers can positively impact people's lives, few consider
the environmental implications posed by the production and, more
importantly, the disposal of old electronic devices. In India, so-called
"e-waste" is becoming a serious problem, not only for the environment, but for
the children and young people involved in the electronics recycling business, which
puts them at risk of health problems.
The Price of Progress: The Dangers of E-Waste Recycling
India's information technology industry is growing at a rapid rate.
An increasing number of technology companies are expanding their operations in
India because of a readily available and often cost-effective workforce and
lower operating costs. Although this growth has had positive effects on the
Indian economy, it has also resulted in a substantial rise in the amount of
e-waste produced every year, worsening the electronics recycling problem.
According to The Guardian, the
city of Bangalore alone produces more than 20,000 tons of e-waste annually,
and this figure is growing by approximately 20 percent every year. To make
matters worse, as much as 90 percent of this e-waste recycling is handled by untrained
workers who may not be provided with sufficient protective clothing to safely
handle the toxic chemicals used in the production of consumer electronics and
Data from Assocham, the Association of Chamber
of Commerce and Industry of India, suggests that many of India's informal electronics recycling firms employ children to scavenge for, handle and dismantle these
materials. In addition to posing a serious threat to the environment of local
communities, e-waste also presents numerous health hazards, particularly to the
young children who often work for these electronics recycling companies.
Participating in the e-waste recycling business is dangerous, but many Indian children
have little choice but to find work wherever they can to help support their
families. Time magazine recently reported on the state of India's informal recycling electronic recycling industry, and found that children like 12-year-old Nazeeb
as little as between $3 and $5 per day by scavenging and selling copper
wire commonly found in many consumer electronics.
every discarded computer or phone can be easily disassembled. Some devices
require stripping in open acid baths to extract copper and gold components.
Although this practice is illegal under Indian law, it is still all too common
on the streets of India's slums, and children are often forced to perform such
dangerous work in the e-waste recycling industry. The acid baths release harmful chemicals such as brominated
flame retardants, dioxins, cadmium, lead and mercury, the fumes from which can
irritate the lungs and cause permanent organ damage.
Effectively regulating India's electronic recycling industry
is a significant challenge, and many children will be forced to continue working
in these dangerous conditions to support their families. ChildFund has worked in India since 1951, and one of the best
ways you can help us make a difference in the lives of children in need is by
becoming a child
sponsor. Among our goals in India is to protect children from working in
exploitative and dangerous conditions in electronic recycling firms by providing families with job training
and other assistance that helps children and youth remain in school longer.
For just $28 per month, you can provide a boy or girl with the food,
water, health care and educational opportunities they need to emerge from
generational poverty. Alternatively, becoming a monthly
giving partner allows ChildFund to intervene where the need is greatest.
Next time you use your smart phone or tablet, consider where your old
devices end up when you discard them. For Indian children like Nazeeb, upgrading
to the latest devices can mean another day's work harvesting wires from old
phones or broken computers for unethical and sometimes illegal electronics recycling firms. Become a child sponsor today and help a vulnerable
child in India live a more fulfilling life.